The Culex mosquito is a type of insect that has many different species considered to be carriers of one or more harmful diseases of birds, humans, and other animals. Culex mosquitoes can be found in every part of the world except the most northern parts where the temperature is bitterly cold. They are common in several areas of the United States, including Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Diseases carried by Culex mosquitoes include:
- Arbovirus: These infections include diseases such as West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, and Western and Eastern equine.
- Nematode: An infection known as filariasis is the most common nematode disease Culex mosquitoes carry.
- Protists: These are parasites that cause various forms of avian malaria and that can be transmitted to humans.
Due to the seriousness of these diseases, it’s important everyone tries to control mosquitoes around their home to keep them and their family safe.